Captain Edward John Smith

Captain Edward John Smith was born on 27th January 1850, in Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, England.

Captain Smith had joined the White Star Line in 1886, and he steadily progressed through the ranks, taking charge of bigger, better and more important vessels. The list of ships he commanded included, in alphabetic order, Adriatic, Celtic, Coptic, Germanic, Majestic and of course, Olympic, Titanic's older sister vessel.

He lived in Southampton on England's south coast with his wife Eleanor and their 12-year old daughter Helen in Winn Road, in a large twin-gabled red brick house called Woodhead, the docks never being very far away. The crew of Titanic, together with the management of the White Star Line considered Smith to be a competent and well-liked man, and casually referred to him as 'E.J.'.




 

The rapid increase in the size of liners had led to mishaps by Captain Smith, although it must be stressed he was not alone in making errors of judgement with large ships. Whilst captain of Olympic, he collided with a navy cruiser, HMS Hawke, pictured here below right, taking Olympic out of traffic for several weeks, and in the same year, whilst manoeuvring Olympic in New York harbour, the enormous thrust from one of her wing propellers had damaged a tug, the O.L Hallenbeck, nearly sinking it in the process. It was all part of an important learning process.

Captain Smith's salary was a handsome $6,250 per year, and there was also a 'crash bonus' of $1,000 payable if any vessel under his command were not damaged during the twelve months. He was also a member of the Royal Naval Reserve, and because of this he was entitled to fly the Blue Ensign on any merchant ship he commanded.

Now. aged 62, he was to take White Star Line's latest and greatest liner, Titanic, on the familiar transatlantic journey to New York. Some said that it would have been his final trip, as he had planned to retire once back in England. But that was very unlikely, as the White Star Line wanted him to retire on Gigantic's maiden voyage.

Capt. Smith went down with his ship, last seen standing on the Bridge in waist-high water.




     
Capt. Smith with a dog on the ship ... and on Titanic's Bridge


The last known photo of Capt. Smith walking on Titanic's Promenade Deck


Statue dedicated to Captain Smith at Litchfield, United Kingdom